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The Marx Brothers were a family comedy act, originally from New York City, that enjoyed success in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in motion pictures from 1905 to 1949. Five of the Marx Brothers’ thirteen feature films were selected by the American Film Institute (AFI) as among the top 100 comedy films, with two of them (Duck Soup and A Night at the Opera) in the top twelve. The brothers were also included in AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars list of the most significant screen legends, the only performers to be inducted collectively.
The core of the act was the three elder brothers, Chico, Harpo, and Groucho; each developed a highly distinctive stage persona. The two younger brothers, Gummo and Zeppo, did not develop their stage characters to the same extent, and eventually left the act to pursue other careers. Gummo was not in any of the movies; Zeppo appeared in the first five films in relatively straight (non-comedic) roles.
Born in New York City, the Marx Brothers were the sons of Jewish immigrants from Germany and France. Their mother, Minnie Schönberg, was from Dornum in East Frisia; and their father, Simon Marx (whose name was changed to Samuel Marx, and who was nicknamed "Frenchy") was a native of Alsace and worked as a tailor. The family lived in the then-poor Yorkville section of New York City's Upper East Side, between the Irish, German and Italian quarters.
A sixth brother, Manfred ("Mannie"), was actually the first child of Samuel and Minnie, born in 1886, though an online family tree states that he was born in 1885: "Family lore told privately of the firstborn son, Manny, born in 1886 but surviving for only three months, and carried off by tuberculosis. Even some members of the Marx family wondered if he was pure myth. But Manfred can be verified. A death certificate of the Borough of Manhattan reveals that he died, aged seven months, on 17 July 1886, of 'entero-colitis,' with 'asthenia' contributing, i.e. probably a victim of influenza. He is buried at New York's Washington Cemetery, beside his grandmother, Fanny Sophie Schönberg (née Salomons), who died on 10 April 1901."
he brothers were from a family of artists, and their musical talent was encouraged from an early age. Harpo was amazingly talented, learning to play an estimated six different instruments throughout his career. He became a dedicated harpist, which gave him his nickname. Chico was an excellent pianist, Groucho a guitarist and singer, and Zeppo a vocalist. They got their start in vaudeville, where their uncle Albert Schönberg performed as Al Shean of Gallagher and Shean. Groucho's debut was in 1905, mainly as a singer. By 1907, he and Gummo were singing together as "The Three Nightingales" with Mabel O'Donnell. The next year, Harpo became the fourth Nightingale and by 1910, the group briefly expanded to include their mother Minnie and their Aunt Hannah. The troupe was renamed "The Six Mascots".
One evening in 1912, a performance at the Opera House in Nacogdoches, Texas, was interrupted by shouts from outside about a runaway mule. The audience hurried out to see what was happening. When they returned, Groucho, angered by the interruption, made snide comments about them, including "Nacogdoches is full of roaches" and "The jackass is the flower of Tex-ass". Instead of becoming angry, the audience laughed. The family then realized they had potential as a comic troupe. However, in his autobiography, Harpo Speaks, Harpo Marx states that the runaway mule incident occurred in Ada, Oklahoma. A 1930 article in the San Antonio Express newspaper states that the incident took place in Marshall, Texas.
The act slowly evolved from singing with comedy to comedy with music. Their sketch "Fun in Hi Skule" featured Groucho as a German-accented teacher presiding over a classroom that included students Harpo, Gummo and Chico. The last version of the school act, titled Home Again, was written by their uncle, Al Shean. When the Home Again tour reached Flint, Michigan, 14-year-old Zeppo joined his four brothers on stage to make it five Marx Brothers, in what is believed to be the only time, in 1915. Then Gummo left to serve in World War I, reasoning that "anything is better than being an actor!" Zeppo replaced him in their final vaudeville years and in the jump to Broadway, and then to Paramount films.
During World War I, anti-German sentiments were common, and the family tried to conceal their German origin. After learning that farmers were excluded from the draft rolls, mother Minnie purchased a 27-acre (110,000 m2) poultry farm near Countryside, Illinois, but the brothers soon found that chicken ranching was not in their blood. During this time, Groucho discontinued his "German" stage personality.
By this time, "The Four Marx Brothers" had begun to incorporate their unique style of comedy into their act and to develop their characters. Both Groucho and Harpo's memoirs say their now famous on-stage personae were created by Al Shean. Groucho began to wear his trademark greasepaint moustache and to use a stooped walk. Harpo stopped speaking onstage and began to wear a red fright wig and carry a taxi-cab horn. Chico spoke with a fake Italian accent, developed off-stage to deal with neighborhood toughs, while Zeppo adopted the role of the romantic (and "peerlessly cheesy", according to James Agee) straight man.
The on-stage personalities of Groucho, Chico and Harpo were said to have been based on their actual traits. Zeppo, on the other hand, was considered the funniest brother offstage, despite his straight stage roles. As the youngest, and having grown up watching his brothers, he could fill in for and imitate any of the others when illness kept them from performing. "He was so good as Captain Spaulding [in Animal Crackers] that I would have let him play the part indefinitely, if they had allowed me to smoke in the audience", Groucho recalled. (Zeppo did impersonate Groucho in the film version of Animal Crackers. Groucho was unavailable to film the scene in which the Beaugard painting is stolen, so the script was contrived to include a power failure which allowed Zeppo to play the Spaulding part in near-darkness.)
By the 1920s, the Marx Brothers had become one of America's favorite theatrical acts. With their sharp and bizarre sense of humor, they satirized high society and human hypocrisy. They also became famous for their improvisational comedy in free-form scenarios. A famous early instance was when Harpo arranged to chase a fleeing chorus girl across the stage during the middle of a Groucho monologue to see if Groucho would be thrown off. However, to the audience's delight, Groucho merely reacted by commenting, "First time I ever saw a taxi hail a passenger". When Harpo chased the girl back the other direction, Groucho, calmly checking his watch, ad-libbed, "The 9:20's right on time. You can set your watch by the Lehigh Valley."
Under Chico's management, and with Groucho's creative direction, the brothers' vaudeville act had led to them becoming stars on Broadway, first with a musical revue, I'll Say She Is (1924–1925) and then with two musical comedies, The Cocoanuts (1925–1926) and Animal Crackers (1928–1929). Playwright George S. Kaufman worked on the last two and helped sharpen the Brothers' characterizations.
Out of their distinctive costumes the brothers looked alike, even down to their receding hairlines. Zeppo could pass for a younger Groucho, and played the role of his son in Horse Feathers. A scene in Duck Soup finds Groucho, Harpo and Chico all appearing in the famous greasepaint eyebrows, mustache and round glasses, while wearing nightcaps. The three are indistinguishable, enabling them to carry off the "mirror scene" perfectly.
The stage names for four of the five brothers were coined by monologist Art Fisher during a poker game in Galesburg, Illinois, based both on the brothers' personalities and Gus Mager's Sherlocko the Monk, a popular comic strip of the day which included a supporting character named "Groucho". As Fisher dealt each brother a card, he addressed them, for the very first time, by the names they would keep for the rest of their lives.
The reasons behind Chico's and Harpo's stage names are undisputed, and Gummo's is fairly well established. Groucho's and Zeppo's are far less clear. Arthur was named Harpo because he played the harp, and Leonard became Chico (pronounced "Chick-o") because he was, in the slang of the period, a "chicken chaser". ("Chickens"—later "chicks"—was period slang for women. "In England now," said Groucho, "they were called 'birds'.")
In his autobiography, Harpo explains that Milton became Gummo because he crept about the theater like a gumshoe detective. Other sources report that Gummo was the family's hypochondriac, having been the sickliest of the brothers in childhood, and therefore wore rubber overshoes, also called gumshoes, in all kinds of weather. Groucho stated that the source of the name was Gummo wearing galoshes. Either way, the name relates to rubber-soled shoes.
The reason Julius was named Groucho is perhaps the most disputed. There are three explanations:
Julius' temperament: Maxine, Chico's daughter and Groucho's niece, said in the documentary The Unknown Marx Brothers that Julius was named "Groucho" simply because he was grouchy most or all of the time. Robert B. Weide, a director known for his knowledge of Marx Brothers history, said in Remarks On Marx, a documentary short included with the DVD of A Night at the Opera, that among the competing explanations he found this one the most believable. Steve Allen, in Funny People, said that the name made no sense; Groucho might have been impudent and impertinent, but not grouchy — at least not around Allen. However, at the very end of his life, Groucho finally admitted that Fisher had named him Groucho because he was the "moody one".
The grouch bag: This explanation appears in Harpo's biography, was voiced by Chico in a TV appearance included on The Unknown Marx Brothers, and was also offered by George Fenneman, Groucho's sidekick on his TV game show, You Bet Your Life. A grouch bag was a small drawstring bag worn around the neck in which a traveler could keep money and other valuables so that it would be very difficult for anyone to steal them. Most of Groucho's friends and associates stated that Groucho was extremely stingy, especially after losing all his money in the 1929 stock market crash, so naming him for the grouch bag may have been a comment on this trait. Groucho, in chapter six of his first autobiography, insisted that this was not the case:
I kept my money in a 'grouch bag.' This was a small chamois bag that actors used to wear around their neck to keep other hungry actors from pinching their dough. Naturally, you're going to think that's where I got my name from. But that's not so. Grouch bags were worn on manly chests long before there was a Groucho.
Groucho's explanation: Groucho himself insisted that he was named for a character in the comic strip, Knocko the Monk, which inspired the craze for nicknames ending in "o"; in fact, there was a character in that strip named "Groucho". However, he is the only Marx or Marx associate who defended this theory, and as he is not an unbiased witness, few biographers take the claim seriously.
Groucho himself was no help on this point; during his Carnegie Hall concert, when he was discussing the Brothers' names and when it came to his own, he said, "My name, of course, I never did understand." He goes on to mention the possibility that he was named after his unemployed uncle, Julius, who lived with his family. The family believed he was actually a rich uncle hiding a fortune. Groucho claims that he may have been named after him (perhaps by the family trying to get into the will). "And he finally died, and he left us his will, and in that will he left three razor blades, an 8-ball, a celluloid dicky, and he owed my father $85 beside."
Herbert was not nicknamed by Art Fisher, since he did not join the act until Gummo had departed. As with Groucho, three explanations exist for Herbert's name, "Zeppo":
Harpo's explanation: Harpo said in Harpo Speaks! the brothers had named Herbert for Mr. Zippo, a chimpanzee that was part of another performer's act. Herbert found the nickname very unflattering, and when it came time for him to join the act, he put his foot down and refused to be called "Zippo." The brothers compromised on Zeppo.
Chico's explanation: Chico never wrote an autobiography, and gave fewer interviews than his brothers, but his daughter, Maxine, in The Unknown Marx Brothers said that when the Marx Brothers lived in Chicago, a popular style of humor was the "Zeke and Zeb" joke, which made fun of slow-witted Midwesterners in much the same way Boudreaux and Thibodeaux jokes mock Cajuns and Ole and Lena jokes mock Minnesotans. One day, as Chico returned home, he found Herbert sitting on the fence. Herbert greeted him by saying "Hi, Zeke!" Chico responded with "Hi, Zeb!" and the name stuck. The brothers thereafter called him "Zeb," and when he joined the act, they floated the idea of "Zebbo," eventually preferring "Zeppo."
Groucho's explanation: In a tape-recorded interview excerpted on The Unknown Marx Brothers, Groucho said Zeppo was so named because he was born when the first zeppelins started crossing the ocean. He also stated this in his Carnegie Hall concert, ca. 1972. The first zeppelin flew in July 1900, and Herbert was born seven months later in February 1901. However, the first transatlantic zeppelin flight was not until 1924, long after Herbert's birth.
Maxine Marx reported in The Unknown Marx Brothers that the brothers listed their real names (Julius, Leonard, Adolph, Milton and Herbert) on playbills and in programs, and only used the nicknames behind the scenes, until Alexander Woollcott overheard them calling one another by the nicknames; he asked them why they used their own ordinary real names publicly when they had such wonderful nicknames. They replied, "That wouldn't be dignified." Woollcott answered with a belly laugh. Since Woollcott did not meet the Marx Brothers until the premiere of I'll Say She Is, which was their first Broadway show, this would mean they used their real names throughout their vaudeville days, and that the name "Gummo" never appeared in print during his time in the act. Other sources report that the Marx Brothers did go by their nicknames during their vaudeville era, but briefly listed themselves by their given names when I'll Say She Is opened because they were worried that a Broadway audience would reject a vaudeville act if they were perceived as low class.
The Marx Brothers' stage shows became popular just as motion pictures were evolving to "talkies." They signed a contract with Paramount Pictures and embarked on their film career at Paramount's Astoria, New York studios. Their first two released films (after an unreleased short silent film titled Humor Risk) were adaptations of the Broadway shows The Cocoanuts (1929) and Animal Crackers (1930). Both were written by George S. Kaufman and Morrie Ryskind. Production then shifted to Hollywood, beginning with a short film that was included in Paramount's twentieth anniversary documentary, The House That Shadows Built (1931), in which they adapted a scene from I'll Say She Is. Their third feature-length film, Monkey Business (1931), was their first movie not based on a stage production, and the only one in which Harpo's voice is heard (singing tenor from inside a barrel in the opening scene). Horse Feathers (1932), in which the brothers satirized the American college system and Prohibition, was their most popular film yet, and won them the cover of Time. It included a running gag from their stage work, in which Harpo produces a ludicrous array of props from his coat, including a wooden mallet, a fish, a coiled rope, a tie, a poster of a woman in her underwear, a cup of hot coffee, a sword; and, just after Groucho warns him that he "can't burn the candle at both ends," a candle burning at both ends.
During this period Chico and Groucho starred in a radio comedy series, Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel. Though the series was short lived, much of the material developed for it was used in subsequent films. The show's scripts and recordings were believed lost until copies of the scripts were found in the Library of Congress in the 1980s. After publication in a book they were performed with Marx Brothers impersonators for BBC Radio.
Their last Paramount film, Duck Soup (1933), directed by the highly regarded Leo McCarey, is the highest rated of the five Marx Brothers films on the American Film Institute's "100 years ... 100 Movies" list. It did not do as well financially as Horse Feathers, but was the sixth-highest grosser of 1933. The film sparked a dispute between the Marxes and the village of Fredonia, New York. "Freedonia" was the name of a fictional country in the script, and the city fathers wrote to Paramount and asked the studio to remove all references to Freedonia because "it is hurting our town's image". Groucho fired back a sarcastic retort asking them to change the name of their town, because "it's hurting our picture."
MGM, RKO, and United Artists
After expiration of the Paramount contract Zeppo left the act to become an agent. He and brother Gummo went on to build one of the biggest talent agencies in Hollywood, helping the likes of Jack Benny and Lana Turner get their starts. Groucho and Chico did radio, and there was talk of returning to Broadway. At a bridge game with Chico, Irving Thalberg began discussing the possibility of the Marxes joining Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. They signed, now billed as "Groucho, Chico, Harpo, Marx Bros."
Unlike the free-for-all scripts at Paramount, Thalberg insisted on a strong story structure that made the brothers more sympathetic characters, interweaving their comedy with romantic plots and non-comic musical numbers, and targeting their mischief-making at obvious villains. Thalberg was adamant that scripts include a "low point", where all seems lost for both the Marxes and the romantic leads. He also instituted the innovation of testing the film's script before live audiences before filming began, to perfect the comic timing, and to retain jokes that earned laughs and replace those that did not. Thalberg also restored Harpo's harp solos and Chico's piano solos, which had been eliminated from the last two Paramount films.
The first Marx Brothers/Thalberg film was A Night at the Opera (1935), a satire on the world of opera, where the brothers help two young singers in love by throwing a production of Il Trovatore into chaos. The film—including its famous scene where an absurd number of people crowd into a tiny stateroom on a ship—was a great success, and was followed two years later by an even bigger hit, A Day at the Races (1937), in which the brothers cause mayhem in a sanitarium and at a horse race. The film features Groucho and Chico's famous "Tootsie Frootsie Ice Cream" sketch. In a 1969 interview with Dick Cavett, Groucho said that the two movies made with Thalberg were the best that they ever produced. Despite the Thalburg films' success, MGM terminated the brothers' contract in 1937; Thalberg had died suddenly during filming of A Day at the Races, leaving the Marxes without an advocate at the studio.
After a short experience at RKO (Room Service, 1938), the Marx Brothers returned to MGM and made three more films: At the Circus (1939), Go West (1940) and The Big Store (1941). Prior to the release of The Big Store the team announced its retirement from the screen. Four years later, however, Chico persuaded his brothers to make two additional films, A Night in Casablanca (1946) and Love Happy (1949), to alleviate his severe gambling debts. Both pictures were released by United Artists.
From the 1940s onward Chico and Harpo appeared separately and together in nightclubs and casinos. Chico also fronted a big band, the Chico Marx Orchestra (with 17-year-old Mel Tormé as a vocalist). Groucho began his solo career with You Bet Your Life, which ran from 1947 to 1961 on NBC radio and television. He also authored several books, including Groucho and Me (1959), Memoirs of a Mangy Lover (1964) and The Groucho Letters (1967).
Groucho and Chico briefly appeared together in a 1957 short film promoting the Saturday Evening Post entitled "Showdown at Ulcer Gulch," directed by animator Shamus Culhane, Chico's son-in-law. Groucho, Chico, and Harpo worked together (in separate scenes) in The Story of Mankind (1957). In 1959, the three began production of Deputy Seraph, a TV series starring Harpo and Chico as blundering angels, and Groucho (in every third episode) as their boss, the "Deputy Seraph." The project was abandoned when Chico was found to be uninsurable (and incapable of memorizing his lines) due to severe arteriosclerosis. On March 8 of that year, Chico and Harpo starred as bumbling thieves in The Incredible Jewel Robbery, a half-hour pantomimed episode of the General Electric Theater on CBS. Groucho made a cameo appearance—uncredited, because of constraints in his NBC contract—in the last scene, and delivered the only line of dialogue ("We won't talk until we see our lawyer!").
According to a September 1947 article in Newsweek, Groucho, Harpo, Chico and Zeppo all signed to appear as themselves in a biopic entitled The Life and Times of the Marx Brothers. In addition to being a non-fiction biography of the Marxes, the film would have also featured the brothers reenacting much of their previously unfilmed material from both their vaudeville and Broadway eras. The film, had it been made, would have been the first performance by the Brothers as a quartet since 1933.
The five brothers made only one television appearance together, in 1957, on an early incarnation of The Tonight Show called Tonight! America After Dark, hosted by Jack Lescoulie. Five years later (October 1, 1962) after Jack Paar's tenure, Groucho made a guest appearance to introduce the Tonight Show's new host, Johnny Carson.
Around 1960, the acclaimed director Billy Wilder considered writing and directing a new Marx Brothers film. Tentatively titled "A Day at the U.N.," it was to be a comedy of international intrigue set around the United Nations building in New York. Wilder had discussions with Groucho and Gummo, but the project was put on hold because of Harpo's ill-health and abandoned when Chico died in 1961.
In 1966 Filmation produced a pilot for a Marx Bros. cartoon. Groucho was Pat Harrington Jr. and other voices were Ted Knight and Joe Besser.
In 1970, the four Marx Brothers had a brief reunion (of sorts) in the animated ABC television special The Mad, Mad, Mad Comedians, produced by Rankin-Bass animation (of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer fame). The special featured animated reworkings of various famous comedians' acts, including W. C. Fields, Jack Benny, George Burns, Henny Youngman, The Smothers Brothers, Flip Wilson, Phyllis Diller, Jack E. Leonard, George Jessel and the Marx Brothers. Most of the comedians provided their own voices for their animated counterparts, except for Fields and Chico Marx (both had died), and Zeppo Marx (who had left show business in 1933). Voice actor Paul Frees filled in for all three (no voice was needed for Harpo, who was also deceased). The Marx Brothers' segment was a reworking of a scene from their Broadway play I'll Say She Is, a parody of Napoleon which Groucho considered among the Brothers' funniest routines. The sketch featured animated representations, if not the voices, of all four brothers. Romeo Muller is credited as having written special material for the show, but the script for the classic "Napoleon Scene" was probably supplied by Groucho.
On January 16, 1977, the Marx Brothers were inducted into the Motion Picture Hall of Fame.
Many television shows and movies have used Marx Brothers references. Animaniacs and Tiny Toons, for example, have featured Marx Brothers jokes and skits. Hawkeye Pierce (Alan Alda) on M*A*S*H occasionally put on a fake nose and glasses, and, holding a cigar, did a Groucho impersonation to amuse patients recovering from surgery. Bugs Bunny also impersonated Groucho Marx in the 1947 cartoon Slick Hare and in a later cartoon he again impersonated Groucho hosting a TV show called You Beat Your Wife, asking Elmer Fudd if he had stopped beating his wife. Tex Avery's cartoon Hollywood Steps Out (1941) featured appearances by Harpo and Groucho. They also appeared, sometimes with Chico and Zeppo also caricatured, in cartoons starring Mickey Mouse, Flip the Frog and others. In the Airwolf episode 'Condemned', four anti-virus formulae for a deadly plague were named after the four Marx Brothers. In All In The Family, Rob Reiner often did imitations of Groucho, and Sally Struthers dressed as Harpo in one episode in which she (as Gloria Stivic) and Rob (as Mike Stivic) were going to a Marx Bros. film festival, with Reiner dressing as Groucho. Gabe Kaplan did many Groucho imitations on his sit-com Welcome Back, Kotter and Robert Hegyes sometimes imitated Chico on the show. In Woody Allen's film Hannah and Her Sisters (1986), Woody's character, after an unsuccessful suicide attempt is inspired to go on living after seeing a revival showing of Duck Soup. In Manhattan (1979), he names the Marx Bros. as something that makes life worth living. In Everyone Says I Love You (1996), he and Goldie Hawn dress as Groucho for a Marx Bros. celebration in France, and the song "Hooray for Captain Spaulding", from Animal Crackers, is performed, with various actors dressed as the brothers, striking poses famous to Marx fans. (The film itself is named after a song from Horse Feathers, a version of which plays over the opening credits.)
Also noteworthy is the fact that Harpo Marx appeared as himself in a sketch on I Love Lucy in which he and Lucille Ball reprised the mirror routine from Duck Soup, with Lucy dressed up as Harpo. Lucy had met the Marxes when she appeared in a supporting role in an earlier Marx Brothers film, Room Service. Chico once appeared on I've Got a Secret dressed up as Harpo; his secret was shown in a caption reading "I'm actually Chico Marx." The Marx Brothers were also spoofed in the second act of the Broadway Review A Day in Hollywood/A Night in the Ukraine
Al Jolson 471023 First Song I'm Sitting On Top Of The World, Guest Groucho Marx
Al Jolson 480506 First Song Yacka Hula, Hickey Dula, Guest Groucho Marx
Al Jolson 481118 First Song Bright Eyes, Guest Groucho Marx
Al Jolson 490113 First Song That Certain Party, Guest Groucho Marx
Al Jolson 490526 First Song Waiting For The Robert E Lee, Guest Groucho Marx
America Calling 410208 A Salute to the Greek Nation
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 900630 One Round Gombatz The Boxer
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 910518 Long Lost Uncle Abner Flywheel
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 910525 Ravelli Is A Model Reforme
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 910608 John Smiths Will
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 910615 Bullets And Blood
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 920711 The Ghost Of Roderick Crexton
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 920718 Hiding From The Laughing Hyena
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 920725 New York City Tour Guides
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 920801 Running A Newspaper In Chicago
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 920808 Coney Island Arcade
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 920815 Finding A Lost Child On Ch
BBC Marx Brothers Remakes 92xxxx TV Interview With Cast Of FSF
Big Show 501112 Groucho Marx, Fanny Brice
Big Show 510211 Groucho Marx, Judy Garland, Martin and Lewis, Joan Davis
Big Show 510401 Groucho Marx, Bob Hope, Ethel Barrymore
Big Show 510506 Fred Allen, Groucho Marx, George Jessel
Bing Crosby Show 470212 Groucho Marx
Bing Crosby Show 490209 Groucho Marx
Bing Crosby Show 500111 Groucho Marx
Bing Crosby Show 540212 Groucho Marx
Biography in Sound 560515 Recollections at 30
Birds Eye Open House 441012 Spoof On Gaslight with Groucho Marx
Birds Eye Open House 450315 First Song My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time Groucho Marx
Birds Eye Open House 450419 Ginny Simms Subs With Groucho Marx
Birds Eye Open House 450517 First Song Dream
Birds Eye Open House 450906 First Song Exactly Like You Groucho Marx Hotel Manager
Birds Eye Open House 451108 First Song Put That Ring on My Finger Groucho Marx Invites Dinah Over
Birds Eye Open House 451122 Groucho Brings a Live Turkey
Birds Eye Open House 451227 Locked in a Department Store Returning Christmas Presents with Groucho Marx
Birds Eye Open House 460110 Donald D Tycoon with G Marx
Birds Eye Open House 460131 Mississippi Riverboat Skit
Birds Eye Open House 460221 Information Please Spoof with Groucho
Birds Eye Open House 460314 First Song Why Must We Say Goodbye
Birds Eye Open House 460425 Groucho, Marilyn Maxwell
Birds Eye Open House 460516 First Song Whos Sorry Now With Groucho Marx
Birds Eye Open House 480400 Groucho Marx and Marilyn Maxwell
Blue Ribbon Town 440129 Groucho's Getting Married to Barbara Jo Allen
Blue Ribbon Town 440205 Milwaukee One Hundred Years Ago
Blue Ribbon Town 440212 America One Hundred Years in the Future
Blue Ribbon Town 440226 Everyone Want's To Quit Groucho's Show
Bob Hope Show 38 11 08 Guest Chico Marx
Burns and Allen 460509 Guest Harpo Marx
Chase and Sanborn Program 450610 Guest Groucho Marx
Chesterfield Show 500111 Guest Groucho Marx
Columbia Presents Corwin 450703 Unity Fair
Columbia Presents Corwin 450717 The Undecided Molecule
Command Performance 420630 Spencer Tracy, Groucho Marx, Barbara Stanwyck
Command Performance 440617 Jack Benny, Harpo Marx, Bing Crosby
Command Performance 440909 Groucho Marx, Gloria DeHaven, Frank Morgan
Command Performance 440923 Martha Raye, Jack Carson, Lina Romay
Command Performance 441007 Dinah Shore, Art Tatum, Chico Marx
Command Performance 441014 Highlights of 1944 (assembled show)
Command Performance 460131 Robert Young, Jack Benny, Chico Marx
Command Performance 470930 Groucho Marx Martha Tilton
Command Performance 471120 Anita Ellis Harpo Marx
Democratic National Committee Program
Fibber McGee And Molly 540518 Wimple Saves the Night
Fibber McGee And Molly 540609 McGee Repairmen Repair Washing Machine
Five Star Theater 330522 Marx Brothers
George Fenneman On You Bet Your Life
GI Journal 450309 First Song Jeepers Creepers, Groucho Marx, Lucille Ball
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 01 Overture Medley from Marx Brothers Films
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 02 Introduction Dick Cavett
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 03 Hello, I Must Be Going
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 04 Violin Solo, Jack Benny Tribute
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 05 How I Got Started In Show Business
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 06 My Family, How We Got Our Names
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 07 Strange Relatives Uncle Julius
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 08 Chico At Klauber Horn Co
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 09 Uncle Herman, Chiropodist
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 10 Timbuctoo
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 11 Annie Berger
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 12 World War One, Vaudeville In Toronto
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 13 Oh, How That Woman Could Cook
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 14 Toronto Song
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 15 London Stories Polish Officer Story
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 16 London Stories Churchill & 2nd World War
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 17 Tough Chicago Critic Story
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 18 Palace Theatre Sarah Bernhardt
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 19 Palace Theatre Fanny BriceSwayne's Rats and Cats
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 20 Poem From The Play Animal Crackers
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 21 TS Eliot Memorial Laurence
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 22 2nd World War Bond Tour
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 23 Houdini Story
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 24 Music in Cocoanuts George Kaufmann & Morrie Ryskind
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 25 Music in Cocoanuts Stay Down Here Where You Belong
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 26 Otto Kahn Story
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 27 WC Fields Bee Bee Gun Prohibition
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 28 W C Fields Baby Leroy
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 29 Heaven's Above
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 30 Everybody Works But Father
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 31 Father's Day
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 32 Margaret Dumont, The Dowager In Our Films
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 33 Thalberg Story Garbo
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 34 Sampson And Delilah Story
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 35 Will Rogers, Baseball in Baltimore
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 36 Priests' Stories Plaza Hotel Montreal
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 37 Priests' Stories Rome
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 38 Show Me A Rose
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho 39 Lydia, The Tattooed Lady
Groucho Marx An Evening With Groucho Overture Medley from Marx Brothers Films First Episode
Groucho Marx Carnegie Hall, Jack Benny Violin Solo Tribute
groucho marx Groucho's Speeches
Groucho Marx I Want A Hippopotamus For Christmas
Groucho Marx Biography
Groucho Marx OnTheTonight Show With Johnny Carson
Groucho On Fame 1972
Harpo Marx Lullaby Doll
Hollywood Agents 1935 Guest Marx Brothers
Hollywood Hotel 370611 A Day At The Races
Information Please 411031 Guest Groucho Marx
Interview With Groucho At Age 85 04 1975
Jack Benny Program 440220 Guest Groucho Marx
Jack Benny Program 520302 (798) Guests Frank Sinatra, Danny Kaye, George Burns
Jimmy Durante Show Danny Kaye Jane Wyman Groucho Marx How Dye Do And Shake Hands
Jimmy Durante Show - Groucho Marx Danny Kaye Ella Fitzgerald Backstrap Molasses
Kraft Music Hall 471023 First Song I'm Sitting On Top Of The World, Guest Groucho Marx
Kraft Music Hall 480506 First Song Yacka Hula, Hickey Dula, Guest Groucho Marx
Kraft Music Hall 481118 First Song Bright Eyes, Guest Groucho Marx
Kraft Music Hall 490113 First Song That Certain Party, Guest Groucho Marx
Kraft Music Hall 490407 First Song When The RedRedRobin Comes BobBobBobbin' Along
Kraft Music Hall 490526 First Song Waiting For The Robert E Lee, Guest Groucho Marx
Leo is on the Air Marx Brothers Go West (1940)
Mail Call 430109 Groucho Marx, Betty Grable, Judy Garland
Mail Call 430826 Groucho Marx, Irene Manning, Paulette Goddard
Mail Call 450117 Groucho Marx, Robert Benchley, Ida Lupino, Gloria DeHaven
Mail Call 450321 Frank Morgan, Burns and Allen, Harpo Marx, Rita Hayworth
Mail Call 460327 Groucho Marx, Kenny Baker, Kathryn Grayson
Mail Call Jack Benny, Chico Marx, Celeste Holm (assembled)
Marx Brothers Show 01 Greetings from Groucho
Marx Brothers Show 02 Hollywood Agents
Marx Brothers Show 03 G Marx Attorney At Law
Marx Brothers Show 04 Abraham
Marx Brothers Show 05 Time Marxes On
Marx Brothers Show 06 Plebo You Bet Your Life
Marx Brothers Show 07 Dr People Are Double and Take
Marx Brothers Show 08 Second Movement from the Beer Bar
Marx Brothers Show 09 Groucho's Mother
Marx Brothers Show 10 A Conversation with Harpo
Marx Brothers Show 11 Dr G Hackenbush Marx
Marx Brothers Show 12 The Start of the Marx Brothers
Marx Brothers Show 13 The Spiwit of Spwing
Marx Brothers Show 14 Groucho the Patient
Marx Brothers Show 15 Pagliacci
Marx Brothers Show 16 Groucho in the Marines
Marx Brothers Show 17 Livingston Marx African Explorer
Marx Brothers Show 18 Noodlin' Around
Marx Brothers Show 19 Groucho the Hypochondirac
Marx Brothers Show 20 Groucho in Chicago
Marx Brothers Show 21 A Mink for Jolson
Marx Brothers Show 22 A Quiz for Jolson
Marx Brothers Show 23 The All Star Cowboy Hour
Marx Brothers Show 24 A Baseball Team for Jolson
Marx Brothers Show 25 A Laundry for Jolson
Marx Brothers Show Duck Soup War Song
Marx Brothers Show Harpo's Bazar
Marx Brothers Show I Want My Shirt
Marx Brothers Show Monkey Doodle Doo
Marx Brothers Show Theme Piano Chico
Marx Brothers Show Titre Chico
Marx Brothers Show xx Brothers Go West
Orson Welles Radio Almanac 440126 Guest Groucho Marx First Episode
Over Here 430109 Groucho Marx, Jane Froman
Philco Radio Time 470212 Groucho Marx and Peggy Lee
Philco Radio Time 470430 Groucho Marx and Dorothy Shay
Philco Radio Time 470514 Groucho Marx and Hank Greenberg
Philco Radio Time 490209 Groucho Marx and Connie Haines
Radio Hall of Fame 450114 Thank Dixie For Me
Radio Hall of Fame 450318 Vic And Sade
Railroad Hour 490221 Lady Be Good
Saturday at the Shamrock Guests Chico, Harpo Marx 500218
You Bet Your Life 470915 Secret Word 'Air' Audition
You Bet Your Life 491005 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 491012 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 491019 Secret Word 'Clock'
You Bet Your Life 491026 Secret Word 'Radio'
You Bet Your Life 491102 Secret Word 'Shoe'
You Bet Your Life 491109 Secret Word 'Ink'
You Bet Your Life 491116 Secret Word 'Grass'
You Bet Your Life 491123 Secret Word 'Sky'
You Bet Your Life 491130 Secret Word 'Window'
You Bet Your Life 491207 Secret Word 'Dust'
You Bet Your Life 491214 Secret Word 'Hair'
You Bet Your Life 491221 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 491228 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 500104 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 500111 Secret Word 'Milk'
You Bet Your Life 500118 Secret Word 'Spoon'
You Bet Your Life 500125 Secret Word 'Sky'
You Bet Your Life 500201 Secret Word 'Air'
You Bet Your Life 500208 Secret Word 'Bread'
You Bet Your Life 500215 Secret Word 'Sugar'
You Bet Your Life 500222 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 500301 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 500308 Secret Word 'Heart'
You Bet Your Life 500315 Secret Word 'Water'
You Bet Your Life 500322 Secret Word 'Money'
You Bet Your Life 500405 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 500412 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 500419 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 500426 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 500503 Secret Word 'Bread'
You Bet Your Life 500510 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 500517 Secret Word 'Foot'
You Bet Your Life 500524 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 500531 Secret Word 'Book'
You Bet Your Life 500607 Secret Word 'Dress'
You Bet Your Life 500614 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 501004 Secret Word 'Wall'
You Bet Your Life 501011 Secret Word 'Grass'
You Bet Your Life 501018 Secret Word 'Floor'
You Bet Your Life 501025 Secret Word 'Air'
You Bet Your Life 501101 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 501108 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 501115 Secret Word 'Key'
You Bet Your Life 501122 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 501129 Secret Word 'Book'
You Bet Your Life 501206 Secret Word 'Hair'
You Bet Your Life 501213 Secret Word 'Room'
You Bet Your Life 501220 Secret Word 'Floor'
You Bet Your Life 501227 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 510103 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 510110 Secret Word 'Heart'
You Bet Your Life 510117 Secret Word 'Lamp'
You Bet Your Life 510124 Secret Word 'Walk'
You Bet Your Life 510131 Secret Word 'Clock'
You Bet Your Life 510207 Secret Word 'Shoe'
You Bet Your Life 510214 Secret Word 'Sky'
You Bet Your Life 510221 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 510228 Secret Word 'Nose'
You Bet Your Life 510307 Secret Word 'Cup'
You Bet Your Life 510314 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 510321 Secret Word 'Coat'
You Bet Your Life 510328 Secret Word 'Street'
You Bet Your Life 510404 Secret Word 'Hand'
You Bet Your Life 510411 Secret Word 'Room'
You Bet Your Life 510418 Secret Word 'Light'
You Bet Your Life 510425 Secret Word 'Wall'
You Bet Your Life 510502 Secret Word 'Foot'
You Bet Your Life 510516 Secret Word 'Sky'
You Bet Your Life 510523 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 510606 Secret Word 'Heart'
You Bet Your Life 510613 Secret Word 'Floor'
You Bet Your Life 510620 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 510627 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 511003 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 511010 Secret Word 'Street'
You Bet Your Life 511017 Secret Word 'Arm'
You Bet Your Life 511024 Secret Word 'Floor'
You Bet Your Life 511031 Secret Word 'Sky'
You Bet Your Life 511107 Secret Word 'Head'
You Bet Your Life 511114 Secret Word 'Roof'
You Bet Your Life 511121 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 511128 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 511205 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 511212 Secret Word 'People'
You Bet Your Life 511219 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 511226 Secret Word 'Paper'
You Bet Your Life 520102 Secret Word 'Hand'
You Bet Your Life 520109 Secret Word 'Face'
You Bet Your Life 520116 Secret Word 'Spoon'
You Bet Your Life 520123 Secret Word 'Water'
You Bet Your Life 520130 Secret Word 'Food'
You Bet Your Life 520206 Secret Word 'Lamp'
You Bet Your Life 520213 Secret Word 'Floor'
You Bet Your Life 520220 Secret Word Heart
You Bet Your Life 520227 Secret Word 'Glass'
You Bet Your Life 520305 Secret Word 'Knife'
You Bet Your Life 520312 Secret Word 'Sky'
You Bet Your Life 520319 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 520326 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 520402 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 520409 Secret Word 'Sign'
You Bet Your Life 520416 Secret Word 'Foot'
You Bet Your Life 520423 Secret Word 'Spoon'
You Bet Your Life 520430 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 520507 Secret Word 'House'
You Bet Your Life 520514 Secret Word 'Age'
You Bet Your Life 520521 Secret Word 'Money'
You Bet Your Life 520528 Secret Word 'Wall'
You Bet Your Life 520604 Secret Word 'Clothes'
You Bet Your Life 520611 Secret Word 'Paper'
You Bet Your Life 520917 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 520924 Secret Word 'Floor'
You Bet Your Life 521001 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 521015 Secret Word 'Water'
You Bet Your Life 521022 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 521029 Secret Word 'Heart'
You Bet Your Life 521105 Secret Word 'Light'
You Bet Your Life 521112 Secret Word 'Clock'
You Bet Your Life 521119 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 521126 Secret Word 'Door'
You Bet Your Life 521203 Secret Word 'Paper'
You Bet Your Life 521210 Secret Word 'Fire'
You Bet Your Life 521217 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 530916 Secret Word 'People'
You Bet Your Life 530923 Secret Word 'Foot'
You Bet Your Life 530930 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 531007 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 531021 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 531028 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 531104 Secret Word 'Tree'
You Bet Your Life 531125 Secret Word 'Water'
You Bet Your Life 531202 Secret Word 'Face'
You Bet Your Life 531209 Secret Word 'Window'
You Bet Your Life 531216 Secret Word 'Car'
You Bet Your Life 540217 Secret Word 'Clock'
You Bet Your Life 540224 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 540303 Secret Word 'Paper'
You Bet Your Life 540310 Secret Word 'Street'
You Bet Your Life 540317 Secret Word 'Hand'
You Bet Your Life 540324 Secret Word 'Floor'
You Bet Your Life 540421 Secret Word 'People'
You Bet Your Life 540428 Secret Word 'Smile'
You Bet Your Life 540505 Secret Word 'Water'
You Bet Your Life 540512 Secret Word 'House'
You Bet Your Life 540519 Secret Word 'Arm'
You Bet Your Life 540526 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 540602 Secret Word 'Clock'
You Bet Your Life 540609 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 551123 Secret Word 'Face'
You Bet Your Life 551130 Secret Word 'Sign'
You Bet Your Life 551207 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 551214 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 551221 Secret Word 'Street'
You Bet Your Life 551228 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 570316 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 571104 Secret Word 'Street'
You Bet Your Life 571216 Secret Word 'Hand'
You Bet Your Life 580113 Secret Word 'Picture'
You Bet Your Life 580127 Secret Word 'Hand'
You Bet Your Life 580203 Secret Word 'Chair'
You Bet Your Life 580210 Secret Word 'People'
You Bet Your Life 580224 Secret Word 'Face'
You Bet Your Life 580303 Secret Word 'Room'
You Bet Your Life 580310 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 580317 Secret Word 'People'
You Bet Your Life 580331 Secret Word 'Name'
You Bet Your Life 580512 Secret Word 'Table'
You Bet Your Life 590119 Secret Word 'Voice'
You Bet Your Life 590302 Secret Word 'House'
You Bet Your Life 590316 Secret Word 'Paper'
You Bet Your Life 590928 Secret Word 'Street'
You Bet Your Life 591005 Secret Word 'Street'
You Bet Your Life 591012 Secret Word 'Book'
You Bet Your Life 591019 Secret Word 'Room'
You Bet Your Life 591026 Secret Word 'Book'
You Bet Your Life 591228 Secret Word 'Shoe'
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